Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women worldwide.
Nearly 530,000 women worldwide show new cases of cervical cancer every year.
About 275,000 women die of cervical cancer each year.
85% of these cases were observed in the developing countries. In these countries, cervical cancer accounts for 13% of female cancers, while in developed countries this figure is 3.6%.
In Europe, the majority of new cases of cervical cancer occur in countries that are not subject to systematic screening.
The success of prevention is based on regular control with Pap Test (test Pap)
In recent years, we know the causative factor of cervical cancer that is HPV. Studies have shown that other factors may act together with HPV to increase the risk of a woman developing cervical cancer.
- agents that weaken the immune system, such as smoking and HIV infection
- switching multiple sexual partners
- the beginning of sexual activity at a very young age and the large number of sexual partners
However, it is important to know that although these factors may increase the chances of HPV infection, many women who have only one sexual partner may have HPV.