What is HPV?
A large proportion of sexually active women (80%) are estimated to be infected with HPV.
There are more than 100 different types of HPV.
Some types cause warts or legs, which are harmless.
About 15 different types of the virus transmitted by sexual intercourse and called high risk can cause cervical cancer.
Other types of sexually transmitted virus called low risk can cause external genital warts, which are not cancerous.
The HPV virus affects the skin and the mucosa of the mouth, throat, anus and cervix.
Men also carry HPV, but their health risk is much lower than in women, while most HPV infections in men do not cause symptoms.
A large proportion of sexually active women (80%) are estimated to be infected with HPV. A small percentage of these cases will develop into cancer, while a large percentage will fall or remain stagnant.
How does the human wart virus spread?
- The virus is transmitted by sexual intercourse.
- It is transmitted even through simple contact of the genital regions.
- Using the condom can reduce the transmission of the virus, but it can not prevent it.
How can HPV lead to cervical cancer?
- In recent years, we know the cause of cervical cancer, which is the human wart virus (HPV).
- HPV is transmitted through sexual contact and can cause an infection in the uterine cervix.
Since the woman will come into contact with the HPV, the following may occur:
The virus automatically ruins and does not cause any problems. The infection usually does not last long, because your body is able to fight the infection.
HPV infection to occur.
The virus causes "changes" in cervical cells and the development of pathological "changes". These changes are called "intraepithelial lesions" (SIL, CIN). "Intraepithelial lesions" are not cancer.
Sometimes, however, "intraepithelial lesions" can turn into cancer if they are not found and are not cured in time. This is the great utility of the Pap Test that can diagnose these changes in cervical cells.
What are the symptoms?
Most infected people do not show symptoms visible to the naked eye, so they may have the virus and not know it .
That's why it's important for you to regularly do a Pap test, which can find "changes" in cervical cells before they are converted to cancer.
Most women diagnosed with cervical cancer today did not regularly take the Pap test or did not comply with the doctor's instructions when they had "abnormal" Pap test scores.